Wednesday, July 31, 2013

Pengurusan



BAB 1  : ORGANISASI BENGKEL DAN KESELAMATAN
1.1 Pengurusan Organisasi Bengkel dan Keselamatan1. Organisasi bengkel adalah sistem pengurusan bengkel berasaskan kerjasama guru dengan murid.2. Murid menjalankan tugas secara berkumpulan,bergilir-gilir, mengikut etika dan bersistematik. 
1.1.1 STRUKTUR ORGANISASI BENGKEL
Diketuai oleh seorang formen dan dibantu oleh seorang penolong formen bagi setiap kelas.  
Guru Kemahiran Hidup

Kumpulan A               Ronaldinho               Kaka 

Kumpulan B               Lampard               Rooney

Kumpulan C               Petr Cech               Fabregas

Kumpulan D               Thierry Henry               Shevchenko

Formen/Ketua Kumpulan

Penolong Formen/Penolong Ketua Kumpulan

Guru Kemahiran Hidup

Kumpulan A               Ronaldinho               Kaka 

Kumpulan B               Lampard               Rooney

Kumpulan C               Petr Cech               Fabregas

Kumpulan D               Thierry Henry               Shevchenko

Formen/Ketua Kumpulan

Penolong Formen/Penolong Ketua Kumpulan

Guru Kemahiran Hidup

Kumpulan A               Ronaldinho               Kaka 

Kumpulan B               Lampard               Rooney

Kumpulan C               Petr Cech               Fabregas

Kumpulan D               Thierry Henry               Shevchenko

Formen/Ketua Kumpulan

Penolong Formen/Penolong Ketua Kumpulan

Guru Kemahiran Hidup

Kumpulan A               Ronaldinho               Kaka 

Kumpulan B               Lampard               Rooney

Kumpulan C               Petr Cech               Fabregas

Kumpulan D               Thierry Henry               Shevchenko

Formen/Ketua Kumpulan

Penolong Formen/Penolong Ketua Kumpulan
  
1.1.2 Langkah Keselamatan
AMALAN 4M 
1.  Membersih
- Supaya bengkel bersih, kemas, selesa dan selamat
-Menitikberatkan kebersihan diri dan mental
-Berpakaian kemas, kuku dan rambut yang pendek-Kebersihan mental adalah berfikir positif dan bertanggungjawab dengan tugas yang diberi.-Dalam kerja pembersihan terdapat dua mesin yang digunakan iaitu  :             a.  Mesin Penyedut Hampagas (jenis kering dan basah)                 - Jenis kering digunakan untuk menyedut kotoran kering                 - Jenis basah  digunakan untuk menyedut kotoran kering dan cecair 
                 - Mesin Pemampat Udara digunakan untuk proses pembersihan    secara semburan tekanan udara tinggi.

2.  Menyusun Atur
-Guna alat mengikut kegunaannya
-Simpan alat di tempat yang betul
-Menilai Diri dan Tempat Kerja
-Pencahayaan yang cukup
-Peredaran udara yang baik
-Lantai kering dan tak berminyak
-Mendisiplin
-Mematuhi peraturan keselamatan bengkel, alatan dan keselamatan diri 
3.3.  Menilai Diri dan Tempat Kerja
-Pencahayaan yang cukup
-Peredaran udara yang baik
-Lantai kering dan tak berminyak
4.
4.  Mendisiplin
-Mematuhi peraturan keselamatan bengkel, alatan dan keselamatan diri
 KESELAMATAN AM
1.  Keselamatan Bengkel
-Lantai tak licin
-Murid mesti melaporkan kemalangan kepada guru
2. Keselamatan Diri
-Jangan bergurau dan berlari dalam bengkel
-Memakai apron dan kasut getah

3.  Keselamatan Alatan
-Tangan mestilah bersih dari kotoran dan minyak
-Gunakan alatan mengikut fungsinya

4.  Keselamatan Penggunaan Elektrik
-Pastikan tangan tidak basah
-Jangan menggunakan peralatan yang rosak
  PENGELASAN ALAT PEMADAM API 
Kelas A (jenis air)
Bagi memadamkan kebakaran kayu, tilam, kain dan kertas

-Kelas B (jenis Buih)
-Bagi memadamkan kebakaran cecair, petrol, minyak dan cat

-Kelas B & C (jenis karbon dioksida)
-Bagi memadamkan kebakaran elektrik, jentera, papan suis dan seumpamanya
 -Kelas A, B dan C (jenis serbuk kering)-           Bagi memadamkan kebakaran natrium, kalium, kalsium dan memadamkan api kelas A, B dan C 1.1.3 Etika dan Budaya KerjaEtika kerja bermaksud disiplin dan sikap terhadap kerja
Etika kerja temasuk :
-Menepati masa, bertanggungjawab, amanah dan patuh
3.  Budaya kerja bermaksud peradaban yang menjadi amalan semua pekerja


Wednesday, February 29, 2012

litar elektrik

video

Pulau Sibu

Di Pulau Sibu
RESEPI MASAK BERLADA

Bahan-bahan.
  1. cili kering
  2. ketumbar
  3. jintan manis
  4. jintan putih (disangar dalamkuali tanpa minyak)
  5. kunyit hidup
  6. krisik/kelapa bakar
  7. minyak masak
  8. bawang putih
  9. bawang merah
  10. halia
  11. daun kari
  12. lengkuas
  13. serai
  14. daun limau purut.
  15. Ikan mayung/sembilang/duri/belukang atau ikut suka

Cara-caranya.

A. Bahan 1 hingga 7 dikisar

B. Bahan 8 hingga 10 ditumbuk

Langkah 1.

Panaskan minyak, masukkan A dan B dan ikan.

Masukkan air, setelah mendidih masukkan air asam jawa dan garam secukup rasa.

Friday, February 10, 2012

Ergonomik

Ergonomics Risk Assessment (ERA): Determining When, Why, Who and How You
Should Perform One.
By: Assoc. Prof. Abdul Shukor
It is very interesting that whenever I performed the ergonomics risk assessment (ERA)
activities around the country, I have discovered many similar patterns such as lack of
awareness on ergonomics, poor workplace layouts, inconsiderate workloads and improper
training especially for the young workers. These matters must be addressed appropriately
and fast! A definition of ergonomics may be described as simply changing the work
environment to suit the operator. In order to assess the ergonomics of a particular work
station, it is necessary to evaluate some of the following factors:
• Anthropometric factors – Height, Weight, Reach.
• Environmental Factors – Noise, Heat, Cold, Vibration, Radiation, Light
• Physical Factors - Forces involved Strength Speed/velocity.
• Assessment of position of machinery with regard to its operator
The aim of an ergonomic assessment is to redesign the work environment to minimize the
musculoskeletal stress on the operator.
As ergonomics increasingly becomes a core component of safety programs around the
country, the methods used to evaluate and define the ergonomics risk present in a job
develop into a critical element of the ergonomics process. When a company begins to look
at ergonomics and how to implement an effective process, the basic job analysis is often the
starting point, and the point that defines how a company will approach the analysis and
abatement of ergonomics risk.

Identification of ergonomics stressors that are linked with the development of
musculoskeletal disorders is a key element of any ergonomics activity. In most
cases, stressors successfully can be identified using observational and
checklistdriven techniques. The detection of ergonomics risk does not require
advanced tools or techniques. Photo (left) - Working at -22 degree Celsius for
these operators is definitely a huge challenge to overtake.
This observational approach often the most efficient method of gathering data on the
stressors in the working environment, but the density of this data is limited. There is no
measure of exposure, risk or any data that will provide a quantitative measure that can be
tracked (i.e. improvement of process). The positive characteristics of this type of stressor
identification process are the ease in which it is performed, the low cost of the assessment
and quick turnaround times. A simple observation approach often can be used to feed a
quick fix of an obvious ergonomics stressor. As the situation becomes more complicated,
intricate or costly, the need for a more sophisticated approach may present itself.
When a company is interested in advancing its ergonomics job analysis process, the next
level of assessment involves the use of risk assessment tools. Now, the term “tool” is used
lightly, in that ergonomics risk assessment methods largely are paper-based, with some
methods computerized for ease of use. There seldom are complicated pieces of equipment
involved, except for a force gauge in some situations. Prior to using an ergonomics risk
assessment tool, a company should ask four simple questions:
• Why should we use an ergonomics risk assessment tool?
• Who will be performing the assessments?
• How do we use the risk assessment tool correctly?
• When should we use a specific ergonomics risk assessment tool?
OSH INFO : OSHE MATTER – ERGONOMICS
Page 3/3
When you commission an ergonomic assessment you would expect experts to take a complete
look at all aspects of the workplace, which they would do by looking at the physical attributes of
the staff in relation to how their workstations are configured, as well as discussing with them any
problems.
They would also take a wider look at the workplace and identify any threats to staff wellbeing
which might result from more generalized issues of organization, structure and general layout.
An ergonomic assessment is a very worthwhile investment that can save a company money, lost
productivity time and help ensure healthy, well adjusted staff.
Why have Ergonomics Risk Assessments at your workplace?
• Cost of being WRONG in workplace
design, work activities design and work
stress could result in high injuries, body
pains, lost productivity & poor quality.
• Promotes good employees & employers
relations
• Competitors are often doing it; and they
may be ways ahead!
• Scientific knowledge on work safety
exists & advancing everyday
• Increases morale within the workplace
• Legal requirements – OSHA 1994
(JKKP or DOSH)
OSHE Bulletin SEPTEMBER 2010 is a knowledge sharing initiative created by Assoc. Prof. Abdul Shukor.